According to the latest World Economic Forum report, Japan* tops the list of countries with highest life expectancy (83.8 years on average.) I recently read Ikigai, a book that explores the secrets to long and happy life of the Japanese people and especially those in the village of Ōgimi that has the most longevity index in the world and has many centenarian residents. The authors put forward a wide variety of reasons explaining the extraordinary longevity. Ones that I found interesting are:
- Immerse oneself in work and experience a state of flow in which one loses track of time
- Finish a meal by the time one is 80% full
As Friedrich Nietzsche once said “He who has a why to live can bear almost any how”, the centenarians found their purpose in work and in helping their community. The book also discusses Logotherapy. In order to help his/her subject explore the purpose of life, the psychologist usually starts the therapy with the question “why do you not commit suicide?” We need to rely on these “organic” techniques till such time we find more efficient “inorganic” techniques. Prof. Yuval Noah Harari suggests the scientists may soon come up with procedures that change the basic bio-chemistry of the brain and help humans experience perpetual happiness. That’s perhaps one way to do away with increased violence and unrest in the machine age – a future in which the dominant are Cyborgs and the rest are happy. 🙂
*Hongkong has slightly higher average life expectancy than Japan but is not considered a country. According to CIA factbook 2017, Monaco tops the list.